Of the Baptist Catechism
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Question What is forbidden in the eighth commandment?
Answer The eighth commandment forbiddeth whatsoever doth or may unjustly hinder our own 1 or our neighbour’s wealth or outward estate. 2
[1] 1 Timothy 5:8; Proverbs 28:19
[2] Proverbs 21:17, 23:20-21; Ephesians 4:28

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Doth this commandment forbid the foolish and extravagant wasting our own substance?

prodigal went into a far country, and wasted his substance,
Luke 15:13

Is this done by luxury and intemperance?

The glutton and the drunkard shall come to poverty,
Proverbs 23:21

And by sloth and idleness?

A little more sleep, a little more slumber, so shall thy poverty come like one that travelleth,
Proverbs 24:23

And by keeping loose company?

He that followeth after vain persons shall have poverty enough,
Proverbs 28:19

And by an excessive love of pleasure?

He that loveth pleasure shall be a poor man,
Proverbs 21:17

And by rash and imprudent engagements for others?

Be not a surety for debts, for why should he take away thy bed from under thee?
Proverbs 22:26–27

And doth that which tends to poverty tend to injustice too?

Lest I be poor and steal,
Proverbs 30:9

Is this commandment broken by covetousness?

Woe to him that coveteth an evil covetousness,
Habakkuk 2:9

And by cruelty and uncharitableness?

Whoso stoppeth his ears at the cry of the poor, shall cry himself, and shall not be heard,
Proverbs 21:31

And by unlawful contracts?

Thy money perish with thee, because thou hast thought that the gift of God may be purchased with money,
Acts 13:20

And by all unwarrantable arts for the increase of our substance?

There shall not be found among you one that useth divination or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch,
Deuteronomy 18:10

Doth this commandment forbid all exaction and oppression?

Ye shall not oppress one another,
Leviticus 25:14

And cozening and cheating?

Shall I count them pure with the wicked balances, and with the bag of deceitful weights,
Micah 6:11

And vexatious lawsuits?

Now therefore there is utterly a fault among you, because you go to law, one with another,
1 Corinthians 6:7

Is theft particularly forbidden in this commandment?

Do not steal.
Mark 10:19

. Is it a sin for servants to defraud their masters?

A certain rich man had a steward, and the same was accused to him, that he had wasted his goods,
Luke 16:1

Or for children to steal from their parents?

Whoso robbeth his father or mother, and saith it is no transgression, is the companion of a destroyer,
Proverbs 28:24

Is it a sin to steal even the necessaries of life?

For such shall restore seven fold,
Proverbs 6:31

And is it equally so to receive or conceal stolen goods?

Whoso is a partner with a thief, hateth his own soul,
Proverbs 29:24

From A Scriptural Exposition of the Baptist Catechism

The Westminster Larger Catechism Copy a link to this section

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Question What are the sins forbidden in the eighth commandment?
Answer The sins forbidden in the eighth commandment, besides the neglect of the duties required, 1 are, theft, 2 robbery, 3 man-stealing, 4 and receiving anything that is stolen; 5 fraudulent dealing, 6 false weights and measures, 7 removing land marks, 8 injustice and unfaithfulness in contracts between man and man, 9 or in matters of trust; 10 oppression, 11 extortion, 12 usury, 13 bribery, 14 vexatious lawsuits, 15 unjust enclosures and depopulations; 16 engrossing commodities to enhance the price; 17 unlawful callings, 18 and all other unjust or sinful ways of taking or withholding from our neighbor what belongs to him, or of enriching ourselves; 19 covetousness; 20 inordinate prizing and affecting worldly goods; 21 distrustful and distracting cares and studies in getting, keeping, and using them; 22 envying at the prosperity of others; 23 as likewise idleness, 24 prodigality, wasteful gaming; and all other ways whereby we do unduly prejudice our own outward estate, 25 and defrauding ourselves of the due use and comfort of that estate which God hath given us. 26
[1] James 2:15–16; 1 John 3:17
[2] Ephesians 4:28
[3] Psalm 62:10
[4] 1 Timothy 1:10
[5] Proverbs 29:24; Psalm 50:18
[6] 1 Thessalonians 4:6
[7] Proverbs 11:1
[8] Deuteronomy 19:14; Proverbs 23:10
[9] Amos 8:5; Psalm 37:21
[10] Luke 16:10–12
[11] Ezekiel 22:29; Leviticus 25:17
[12] Matthew 23:25; Ezekiel 22:12
[13] Psalm 15:5
[14] Job 15:34
[15] 1 Corinthians 6:6–8; Proverbs 3:29–30
[16] Isaiah 5:8; Micah 2:2
[17] Proverbs 11:26
[18] Acts 19:19, 24–25
[19] Job 20:19; James 5:4; Proverbs 21:6
[20] Luke 12:15
[21] 1 Timothy 6:5; Colossians 3:2; Proverbs 23:5; Psalm 62:10
[22] Matthew 6:25, 31, 34; Ecclesiastes 5:12
[23] Psalms 73:3; 37:1, 7
[24] 2 Thessalonians 3:11; Proverbs 18:9
[25] Proverbs 21:17; 23:20–21; 28:19
[26] Ecclesiastes 4:8; 6:2; 1 Timothy 5:8