|Question||What is required in the eighth commandment?|
|Answer||The eighth commandment requireth the lawful procuring and furthering the wealth and outward estate of ourselves and others.1|
The Baptist Catechism Set to Music
Benjamin Beddome’s Exposition
Is it lawful for us to seek our own temporal advantage?
And now when shall I provide for my own house,
Should we do this by an application to some lawful calling?
Study to be quiet and to do your own business,
1 Thessalonians 4:11
And by diligence in that calling?
Not slothful in business,
And by frugality?
He that gathereth in the summer is a wise
And by a discreet conduct?
For by understanding is a house established,
And to all this should we join fervent prayer?
I will for this be inquired of by the house of Israel,
Must we be just to all that we deal with?
Render to all their due,
Must we not over-reach the ignorant?
Let no man defraud or go beyond his brother,
1 Thessalonians 4:6
Nor oppress the indigent?
We must not buy the poor for silver, and the needy for a pair of shoes,
But should we rather relieve them?
If thy brother be waxen poor and fallen into decay, thou shalt relieve him,
And be forward so to do?
We must be ready to distribute, willing to communicate,
1 Timothy 6:18
Must we faithfully fulfil our promises?
I took an oath of them that they should do according to this promise,
And be true to our trusts?
It is required in stewards that a man be found faithful,
1 Corinthians 4:2
And return what we have borrowed?
For the wicked borroweth and payeth not again,
And discharge our just debts?
Owe no man any thing,
And make restitution where wrong has been done?
He shall restore that which he took violently away, or the thing which he hath deceitfully gotten,
And is such honesty the best policy?
For a little that a righteous man hath is better than the riches of many wicked,
The Westminster Larger Catechism
|Question||What are the duties required in the eighth commandment?|
|Answer||The duties required in the eighth commandment are, truth, faithfulness, and justice in contracts and commerce between man and man;1 rendering to everyone his due;2 restitution of goods unlawfully detained from the right owners thereof;3 giving and lending freely, according to our abilities, and the necessities of others;4 moderation of our judgments, wills, and affections concerning worldly goods;5 a provident care and study to get,6 keep, use, and dispose these things which are necessary and convenient for the sustentation of our nature, and suitable to our condition;7 a lawful calling,8 and diligence in it;9 frugality;10 avoiding unnecessary lawsuits11 and suretyship, or other like engagements;12 and an endeavor, by all just and lawful means, to procure, preserve, and further the wealth and outward estate of others, as well as our own.|