Of the Baptist Catechism
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Question What is baptism?
Answer Baptism is an ordinance of the New Testament instituted by Jesus Christ, to be unto the party baptized a sign of his fellowship with him, in his death, burial, and resurrection; of his being ingrafted into him; 1 of remission of sins; 2 and of his giving up himself unto God through Jesus Christ, to live and walk in newness of life. 3
[1] Romans 6:3–5; Colossians 2:12; Galatians 3:27
[2] Mark 1:4; Acts 2:38, 22:16
[3] Romans 6:3-4

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Doth the scripture speak of a baptism with the Ghost?

He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost,
Matthew 3:11

And was this accomplished?

They were filled with the Holy Ghost,
Acts 2:4

Doth it also speak of a baptism of sufferings?

Are ye able to be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?
Matthew 20:22

And was Christ indeed eminently baptized therewith?

I am come into the deep waters where the floods overflow me,
Psalm 69:2

But is there besides these a baptism with water?

I baptize you with water,
Matthew 3:11

Did the Jews baptize before John?

For they ask why baptizest thou, if thou be not the Christ, nor Elias?
John 1:25

Did John’s baptism introduce the gospel dispensation?

The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ —John did baptize,
Mark 1:1, 4

And had it a reference to a Saviour shortly to come?

He said, that they should believe on him, which should come after him, that is on Christ Jesus,
Acts 19:4

Was John sent of God, to baptize?

He that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me,
John 1:33

Did the people receive his baptism as from God?

They justified God, being baptized with the baptism of
Luke 7:29

And was John’s baptism the same for substance as that of Christ?

For Jesus baptized, and John also was baptizing,
John 3:22–23

Was Christ himself baptized?

Then cometh Jesus unto John to be baptized of him,
Matthew 3:13

Did he thereby confer an honour upon this ordinance?

For there came a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased,
Matthew 3:17

And is this a powerful engagement upon us to submit to it?

For thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness,
Matthew 3:15

Is water baptism a sign of our fellowship with Christ?

For as many as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ,
Galatians 3:27

Is it a sign of our fellowship with him in his death?

We are baptized into his death,
Romans 6:3

And in his burial?

We are buried with him in baptism,
Romans 6:4

And in his resurrection?

For we are planted together in the likeness of his resurrection,
Romans 6:5

Is this fellowship by faith?

We are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God,
Colossians 2:12

Is baptism a sign of our ingrafting into Christ?

We are baptized into Jesus Christ,
Romans 6:3

And of the crucifixion of the old man?

Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him,
Romans 6:6

And of the destruction of sin?

That the body of sin might be destroyed,
Romans 6:6

Doth it signify the removal of the guilt of sin?

Be baptized for the remission of sins,
Acts 2:38

And the washing away the filth of it?

Be baptized and wash away thy sins,
Acts 22:16

But is baptism of itself sufficient for any of these purposes?

For it is the blood of Christ that cleanseth us from all sin,
1 John 1:7

Is baptism an engagement to yield ourselves unto God?

Yield yourselves unto God as those that are alive from the dead,
Romans 6:13

And to live in brotherly love?

For we are baptized into one body,
1 Corinthians 12:13

And to walk in newness of life?

We also should walk in newness of life,
Romans 6:4

And was it designed to be a standing ordinance in the church of Christ?

To the end of the world,
Matthew 28:20

From A Scriptural Exposition of the Baptist Catechism

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Question What is Baptism?
Answer Baptism is a sacrament of the New Testament, wherein Christ hath ordained the washing with water in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, 1 to be a sign and seal of ingrafting into himself, 2 of remission of sins by his blood, 3 and regeneration by his Spirit; 4 of adoption, 5 and resurrection unto everlasting life; 6 and whereby the parties baptized are solemnly admitted into the visible church, 7 and enter into an open and professed engagement to be wholly and only the Lord's. 8
[1] Matthew 28:19
[2] Galatians 3:27
[3] Mark 1:4; Revelation 1:5
[4] Titus 3:5; Ephesians 5:26
[5] Galatians 3:26–27
[6] 1 Corinthians 15:29; Romans 6:5
[7] 1 Corinthians 12:13
[8] Romans 6:4