|Question||What is repentance unto life?|
|Answer||Repentance unto life is a saving grace, 1 whereby a sinner, out of a true sense of his sin, 2 and apprehension of the mercy of God in Christ, 3 doth, with grief and hatred of his sin, turn from it unto God, 4 with full purpose of and endeavour after new obedience. 5|
The Baptist Catechism Set to Music
Benjamin Beddome’s Exposition
Is true repentance, repentance unto life?
God hath unto the Gentiles granted repentance unto life,
Is there then a repentance that is not so?
Judas repented and went and hanged himself,
Matthew 27:3, 5
Is true repentance a grace?
Christ is exalted to give repentance,
Is it wrought by the word as an instrument?
Is not my word like a fire, and like a hammer that breaketh the rock in pieces?
And by the spirit as an agent?
I will pour upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem the spirit of grace, and they shall mourn,
Is it a saving grace?
It is repentance unto salvation,
2 Corinthians 7:10
And shall none be saved without it?
Thou, after thy hardness and impenitent heart, treasurest up wrath,
Is there such a thing as legal repentance?
Seest thou how Ahab humbleth himself?
1 Kings 21:29
And may this be attended with great terror?
It is a spirit of bondage unto fear,
And with some external reformations?
Herod observed John, and when he heard him, he did many things,
But is gospel repentance quite of a different nature?
Ye sorrowed after a godly sort,
2 Corinthians 7:11
Does true repentance imply conviction of sin?
He is convinced of all,
1 Corinthians 14:24
And is this conviction deep?
They were pricked in their hearts,
A wounded spirit who can bear?
Thine arrows stick fast in me,
And in a sense mortal?
Sin revived and died,
Doth this conviction extend to the sin of our nature?
In sin did my mother conceive me,
And to the corruptions of the heart?
The whole heart is faint,
And to all actual sins?
Come, see a man which told me all things that ever I did,
And to the filth of sin as well as the guilt of it?
Behold I am vile,
Can those therefore be said to repent who are not so much as convinced of sin?
I hearkened and heard, but they spake not aright; no man repented of his wickedness, saying, what have I done?
Does repentance imply sorrow for sin?
My sorrow is continually before me,
But may there be a sorrow without repentance?
Now I rejoice, not that ye were made sorry, but that ye sorrowed to repentance,
2 Corinthians 7:9
Is true sorrow for sin genuine and free?
Mine eyes pour out tears unto God,
Is it upright and sincere?
They shall mourn for him as one mourneth for his own
Is it pungent and strong?
The people wept very sore,
And does it love to be private and retired?
And the land shall mourn every family apart, and their wives apart,
Doth repentance imply hatred of sin?
What I hate, that do I,
And hatred of ourselves for sin?
I abhor myself,
Is this hatred of sin universal?
I hate every false way,
How shall we that are dead to sin, live any longer therein?
Is true repentance attended with a view of God’s mercy?
There is forgiveness with thee,
And a hope in that mercy?
There is hope in Israel concerning this thing,
Is a hope in God’s mercy a leading step to repentance?
The goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance,
And therefore where there is no hope can there be no true repentance?
Thou saidst there is no hope, I have loved strangers, and after them I will go,
Is repentance attended with holy shame?
I am ashamed and blush,
And anxious fear?
What carefulness it wrought in you— yea what fear,
2 Corinthians 7:11
And a clearing of God?
That thou mayest be clear when thou judgest,
And an humble submissive demeanour towards men?
He giveth his cheek to him that smiteth him,
Will penitent sinners confess their sins?
I acknowledge my sin unto thee,
And aggravate their sins?
We have sinned and committed iniquity and have done wickedly and have rebelled,
And make reparation where it is possible?
If I have taken away any thing from any by false accusation I restore him fourfold,
Does repentance imply a turning from sin?
If I have done iniquity, I will do so no more,
Doth the true penitent turn from his beloved sin?
I kept myself from mine iniquity,
And from all sin?
Repent and turn yourselves from all your abominations,
And so as never fully to return to it again?
Ephraim shall say, what have I to do any more with idols?
Doth true repentance also imply a return to God?
If thou wilt return, O Israel, return unto me,
And to Christ?
Ye are returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls,
1 Peter 2:25
And a return to ourselves?
He came to himself,
And to duty?
I turned my feet unto thy testimonies,
But can we thus turn ourselves?
Surely after that I was turned, I repented,
Do true penitents perform duty from a different principle than they did before?
For the love of Christ constraineth them,
2 Corinthians 5:14
And in a different manner?
They serve God in a newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter,
But do they perform it in a perfect manner?
For in many things we offend all,
The Westminster Larger Catechism
|Question||How doth faith justify a sinner in the sight of God?|
|Answer||Faith justifies a sinner in the sight of God, not because of those other graces which do always accompany it, or of good works that are the fruits of it, 1 nor as if the grace of faith, or any act thereof, were imputed to him for his justification; 2 but only as it is an instrument by which he receiveth and applies Christ and his righteousness. 3|
|Question||What is repentance unto life?|
|Answer||Repentance unto life is a saving grace, 1 wrought in the heart of a sinner by the Spirit 2 and word of God, 3 whereby, out of the sight and sense, not only of the danger, 4 but also of the filthiness and odiousness of his sins, 5 and upon the apprehension of God's mercy in Christ to such as are penitent, 6 he so grieves for 7 and hates his sins, 8 as that he turns from them all to God, 9 purposing and endeavoring constantly to walk with him in all the ways of new obedience. 10|