Of the Baptist Catechism
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Question What is repentance unto life?
Answer Repentance unto life is a saving grace, 1 whereby a sinner, out of a true sense of his sin, 2 and apprehension of the mercy of God in Christ, 3 doth, with grief and hatred of his sin, turn from it unto God, 4 with full purpose of and endeavour after new obedience. 5
[1] Acts 11:28
[2] Acts 2:37-38
[3] Joel 2:12; Jeremiah 3:22
[4] Jeremiah 31:18-19; Ezekiel 36:31
[5] 2 Corinthians 7:11; Isaiah 1:16-17

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Is true repentance, repentance unto life?

God hath unto the Gentiles granted repentance unto life,
Acts 11:18

Is there then a repentance that is not so?

Judas repented and went and hanged himself,
Matthew 27:3, 5

Is true repentance a grace?

Christ is exalted to give repentance,
Acts 5:31

Is it wrought by the word as an instrument?

Is not my word like a fire, and like a hammer that breaketh the rock in pieces?
Jeremiah 23:29

And by the spirit as an agent?

I will pour upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem the spirit of grace, and they shall mourn,
Zechariah 12:10

Is it a saving grace?

It is repentance unto salvation,
2 Corinthians 7:10

And shall none be saved without it?

Thou, after thy hardness and impenitent heart, treasurest up wrath,
Romans 2:5

Is there such a thing as legal repentance?

Seest thou how Ahab humbleth himself?
1 Kings 21:29

And may this be attended with great terror?

It is a spirit of bondage unto fear,
Romans 8:15

And with some external reformations?

Herod observed John, and when he heard him, he did many things,
Mark 6:20

But is gospel repentance quite of a different nature?

Ye sorrowed after a godly sort,
2 Corinthians 7:11

Does true repentance imply conviction of sin?

He is convinced of all,
1 Corinthians 14:24

And is this conviction deep?

They were pricked in their hearts,
Acts 2:37

And painful?

A wounded spirit who can bear?
Proverbs 18:14

And abiding?

Thine arrows stick fast in me,
Psalm 38:2

And in a sense mortal?

Sin revived and died,
Romans 7:9

Doth this conviction extend to the sin of our nature?

In sin did my mother conceive me,
Psalm 51:5

And to the corruptions of the heart?

The whole heart is faint,
Isaiah 1:5

And to all actual sins?

Come, see a man which told me all things that ever I did,
John 4:29

And to the filth of sin as well as the guilt of it?

Behold I am vile,
Job 40:4

Can those therefore be said to repent who are not so much as convinced of sin?

I hearkened and heard, but they spake not aright; no man repented of his wickedness, saying, what have I done?
Jeremiah 8:8

Does repentance imply sorrow for sin?

My sorrow is continually before me,
Psalm 38:17

But may there be a sorrow without repentance?

Now I rejoice, not that ye were made sorry, but that ye sorrowed to repentance,
2 Corinthians 7:9

Is true sorrow for sin genuine and free?

Mine eyes pour out tears unto God,
Job 16:20

Is it upright and sincere?

They shall mourn for him as one mourneth for his own
Zechariah 12:10

Is it pungent and strong?

The people wept very sore,
Ezra 10:1

And does it love to be private and retired?

And the land shall mourn every family apart, and their wives apart,
Zechariah 12:12

Doth repentance imply hatred of sin?

What I hate, that do I,
Romans 7:15

And hatred of ourselves for sin?

I abhor myself,
Job 13:6

Is this hatred of sin universal?

I hate every false way,
Psalm 119:128

And irreconcileable?

How shall we that are dead to sin, live any longer therein?
Romans 6:2

Is true repentance attended with a view of God’s mercy?

There is forgiveness with thee,
Psalm 130:4

And a hope in that mercy?

There is hope in Israel concerning this thing,
Ezra 10:2

Is a hope in God’s mercy a leading step to repentance?

The goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance,
Romans 2:4

And therefore where there is no hope can there be no true repentance?

Thou saidst there is no hope, I have loved strangers, and after them I will go,
Jeremiah 2:5

Is repentance attended with holy shame?

I am ashamed and blush,
Ezra 9:6

And anxious fear?

What carefulness it wrought in you— yea what fear,
2 Corinthians 7:11

And a clearing of God?

That thou mayest be clear when thou judgest,
Psalm 51:4

And an humble submissive demeanour towards men?

He giveth his cheek to him that smiteth him,
Lamentations 3:30

Will penitent sinners confess their sins?

I acknowledge my sin unto thee,
Psalm 32:5

And aggravate their sins?

We have sinned and committed iniquity and have done wickedly and have rebelled,
Daniel 4:5–6

And make reparation where it is possible?

If I have taken away any thing from any by false accusation I restore him fourfold,
Luke 19:8

Does repentance imply a turning from sin?

If I have done iniquity, I will do so no more,
Job 34:32

Doth the true penitent turn from his beloved sin?

I kept myself from mine iniquity,
Psalm 18:23

And from all sin?

Repent and turn yourselves from all your abominations,
Ezekiel 14:6

And so as never fully to return to it again?

Ephraim shall say, what have I to do any more with idols?
Hosea 14:8

Doth true repentance also imply a return to God?

If thou wilt return, O Israel, return unto me,
Jeremiah 4:1

And to Christ?

Ye are returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls,
1 Peter 2:25

And a return to ourselves?

He came to himself,
Luke 15:17

And to duty?

I turned my feet unto thy testimonies,
Psalm 119:59

But can we thus turn ourselves?

Surely after that I was turned, I repented,
Jeremiah 31:19

Do true penitents perform duty from a different principle than they did before?

For the love of Christ constraineth them,
2 Corinthians 5:14

And in a different manner?

They serve God in a newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter,
Romans 7:6

But do they perform it in a perfect manner?

For in many things we offend all,
James 3:2

From A Scriptural Exposition of the Baptist Catechism

The Westminster Larger Catechism Copy a link to this section

#73 Copy this
Question How doth faith justify a sinner in the sight of God?
Answer Faith justifies a sinner in the sight of God, not because of those other graces which do always accompany it, or of good works that are the fruits of it, 1 nor as if the grace of faith, or any act thereof, were imputed to him for his justification; 2 but only as it is an instrument by which he receiveth and applies Christ and his righteousness. 3
[1] Galatians 3:11; Romans 3:28
[2] Romans 4:5; 10:10
[3] John 1:12; Philippians 3:9; Galatians 1:16

#76 Copy this
Question What is repentance unto life?
Answer Repentance unto life is a saving grace, 1 wrought in the heart of a sinner by the Spirit 2 and word of God, 3 whereby, out of the sight and sense, not only of the danger, 4 but also of the filthiness and odiousness of his sins, 5 and upon the apprehension of God's mercy in Christ to such as are penitent, 6 he so grieves for 7 and hates his sins, 8 as that he turns from them all to God, 9 purposing and endeavoring constantly to walk with him in all the ways of new obedience. 10
[1] 2 Timothy 2:25
[2] Zechariah 12:10
[3] Acts 11:18, 20–21
[4] Ezekiel 18:28, 30, 32; Luke 15:17–18; Hosea 2:6–7
[5] Ezekiel 36:31; Isaiah 30:22
[6] Joel 2:12–13
[7] Jeremiah 31:18–19
[8] 2 Corinthians 7:11
[9] Acts 26:18; Ezekiel 14:6; 1 Kings 8:47–48
[10] Psalm 119:6, 59, 128; 2 Kings 23:25