|Question||What is forbidden in the tenth commandment?|
|Answer||The tenth commandment forbiddeth all discontentment with our own estate,1 envying or grieving at the good of our neighbour,2 and all inordinate motions and affections to anything that is his.3|
The Baptist Catechism Set to Music
Benjamin Beddome’s Exposition
Is discontent a sin?
The foolishness of man perverteth his way, and his heart fretteth against the Lord,
Can it make our condition better?
For which of you can by taking thought can add one cubit to his stature,
And will it certainly make it worse?
All this availeth me nothing so long as I see Mordecai the Jew sitting in the king’s gate,
Is it a sin to undervalue present mercies?
As those did who despised the pleasant land,
Or to aggravate present afflictions?
As Hezekiah, who said, I reckoned till morning, that as a lion, so will he break all my bones,
Is a discontented spirit from Satan?
Yea hath God said ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden,
Is a brand of ignominy affixed to it?
These are murmurers, complainers,
And is a curse entailed upon it?
Let them wander up and down for meat, and grudge if they be not satisfied,
Is envy a sin?
Let us walk honestly as in the day, not in strife and envying,
Is it a sin for the wicked to envy the just?
They shall see and be ashamed, for their envy at thy people,
Or for the just to envy the wicked?
Envy not the oppresser,
And is it a sin to envy for the sake of others?
Envyest thou for my sake?
Is covetousness a great sin?
Covetousness, let it not be once named among you, as becometh saints,
And a great vexation?
For he that loveth silver shall not be satisfied with silver,
Is it a hurt to our families?
He that is greedy of gain troubleth his own house,
And an injury to our neighbours?
Thus Ahab’s covetousness caused Naboth’s murder,
1 Kings 21:1
And above all an affront to God?
For it is he that maketh poor and maketh rich,
1 Samuel 2:7
Is it a sin that rarely goes unpunished in this world?
For the iniquity of his covetousness I was wroth and smote him,
But will it be severely punished in the world to come?
For the covetous shall not inherit the kingdom of God,
1 Corinthians 6:9
Should we therefore strive against it?
Thou, O man of God, flee these things,
1 Timothy 6:11
And pray against it?
Incline my heart unto thy testimonies and not to covetousness,
May we desire unlawful enjoyments?
We must not lust after evil things,
1 Corinthians 10:6
Or lawful enjoyments inordinately?
Labour not for the meat that perisheth,
Doth all sin begin in the desires of the heart?
For sinners walk in the way of their heart,
Should we therefore keep a constant watch over it?
Keep thine heart with all diligence, for out of it are the issues of life,
The Westminster Larger Catechism
|Question||What are the sins forbidden in the tenth commandment?|
|Answer||The sins forbidden in the tenth commandment are, discontentment with our own estate;1 envying2 and grieving at the good of our neighbor,3 together with all inordinate motions and affections to anything that is his.4|