Of the Baptist Catechism
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Question What is forbidden in the ninth commandment?
Answer The ninth commandment forbiddeth whatsoever is prejudicial to the truth, or injurious to our own or our neighbour’s good name.1
[1] 1 Samuel 17:28; Leviticus 19:16; Psalm 15:2–3

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Composed by Jim Orrick

Benjamin Beddome’s Exposition Copy a link to this section

Is lying a great sin?

Lying lips are an abomination to the Lord,
Proverbs 12:22

Is it a sin that makes us like the devil?

For when he speaketh a lie he speaketh of his own,
John 8:44

Is it an unprofitable sin?

The getting of treasures by a lying tongue is vanity tossed to and fro of them that seek death,
Proverbs 21:6

Is it a sin that will be detected?

For a lying tongue is but fora moment,
Proverbs 12:19

And severely punished?

For without are dogs, and whoso loveth and maketh a lie,
Revelation 22:15

Should we therefore hate it?

I abhor lying,
Psalm 119:163

And pray against it?

Remove from me the way of lying,
Psalm 119:29

May we tell lies to make sport?

They make the king glad with their wickedness, and the princes with their lies,
Hosea 7:3

Or to excuse a fault?

As Gehazi, who said, thy servant went no whither,
2 Kings 5:25

Or with an intention to do good?

We must not do evil that good may come,
Romans 3:8

Is detraction and slander a sin?

Thou sittest and slanderest thine own mother’s
Psalm 50:20

But may we not return slander for slander?

Render not railing for railing,
1 Peter 3:9

Is flattery also a sin?

They speak vanity every one with his neighbour, with flattering lips and a double heart do they speak,
Psalm 12:2

Is self detraction a sin?

There is that maketh himself poor and yet hath great riches,
Proverbs 13:7

And self-flattery?

There is that maketh himself rich, and yet hath nothing,
Proverbs 13:7

Doth this commandment forbid perjury?

I will be a swift witness against false swearers,
Malachi 3:5

And subornation?

Thus the Jews set up false witnesses against Stephen,
Acts 6:11, 13

And backbiting and talebearing?

Thou shalt not go up and down as a talebearer among thy people,
Leviticus 19:16

And all censorious and uncharitable reflections?

For he that speaketh evil of his brother, and judgeth his brother, speaks evil of the law, and judgeth the law,
James 4:11

From A Scriptural Exposition of the Baptist Catechism

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Question What are the sins forbidden in the ninth commandment?
Answer The sins forbidden in the ninth commandment are, all prejudicing the truth, and the good name of our neighbors, as well as our own,1 especially in public judicature;2 giving false evidence,3 suborning false witnesses,4 wittingly appearing and pleading for an evil cause, outfacing and overbearing the truth;5 passing unjust sentence,6 calling evil good, and good evil; rewarding the wicked according to the work of the righteous, and the righteous according to the work of the wicked;7 forgery,8 concealing the truth, undue silence in a just cause,9 and holding our peace when iniquity calleth for either a reproof from ourselves,10 or complaint to others;11 speaking the truth unseasonably,12 or maliciously to a wrong end,13 or perverting it to a wrong meaning,14 or in doubtful and equivocal expressions, to the prejudice of truth or justice;15 speaking untruth,16 lying,17 slandering,18 backbiting,19 detracting,20 tale bearing,21 whispering,22 scoffing,23 reviling,24 rash,25 harsh,26 and partial censuring;27 misconstructing intentions, words, and actions;28 flattering,29 vainglorious boasting,30 thinking or speaking too highly or too meanly of ourselves or others;31 denying the gifts and graces of God;32 aggravating smaller faults;33 hiding, excusing, or extenuating of sins, when called to a free confession;34 unnecessary discovering of infirmities;35 raising false rumors,36 receiving and countenancing evil reports,37 and stopping our ears against just defense;38 evil suspicion;39 envying or grieving at the deserved credit of any,40 endeavoring or desiring to impair it,41 rejoicing in their disgrace and infamy;42 scornful contempt,43 fond admiration;44 breach of lawful promises;45 neglecting such things as are of good report,46 and practicing, or not avoiding ourselves, or not hindering: What we can in others, such things as procure an ill name.
[1] 1 Samuel 17:28; 2 Samuel 16:3; 1:9–10, 15–16
[2] Leviticus 19:15; Habakkuk 1:4
[3] Proverbs 19:5; 6:16, 19
[4] Acts 6:13
[5] Jeremiah 9:3, 5; Acts 24:2, 5; Psalms 12:3–4; 52:1–4
[6] Proverbs 17:15; 1 Kings 21:9–14
[7] Isaiah 5:23
[8] Psalm 119:69; Luke 19:8; 16:5–7
[9] Leviticus 5:1; Deuteronomy 13:8; Acts 5:3, 8–9; 2 Timothy 4:6
[10] 1 Kings 1:6; Leviticus 19:17
[11] Isaiah 59:4
[12] Proverbs 29:11
[13] 1 Samuel 22:9–10; Psalm 52:1–5
[14] Psalm 56:5; John 2:19; Matthew 26:60–61
[15] Genesis 3:5; 26:7, 9
[16] Isaiah 59:13
[17] Leviticus 19:11; Colossians 3:9
[18] Psalm 50:20
[19] James 4:11; Jeremiah 38:4
[20] Leviticus 19:19
[21] Romans 1:29–30
[22] Genesis 21:9; Galatians 4:29
[23] 1 Corinthians 6:10
[24] Matthew 7:1
[25] Acts 28:4
[26] Genesis 38:24; Romans 2:1
[27] Nehemiah 6:6–8; Romans 3:8; Psalm 69:10; 1 Samuel 1:13–15; 2 Samuel 10:3
[28] Psalm 12:2–3
[29] 2 Timothy 3:2
[30] Luke 18:9, 11; Romans 12:16; 1 Corinthians 4:6; Acts 12:22; Exodus 4:10–14
[31] Job 27:5–6
[32] Matthew 7:3–5
[33] Proverbs 28:13; 30:20; Genesis 3:12–13; Jeremiah 2:35; 2 Kings 5:25; Genesis 4:9
[34] Genesis 9:22; Proverbs 25:9–10
[35] Exodus 23:1
[36] Proverbs 29:12
[37] Acts 7:56–57; Job 31:13–14
[38] 1 Corinthians 13:5; 1 Timothy 6:4
[39] Numbers 11:29; Matthew 21:15
[40] Ezra 4:12–13
[41] Jeremiah 48:27
[42] Psalm 35:15–16, 21; Matthew 27:28–29
[43] Jude 16; Acts 12:22
[44] Romans 1:31; 2 Timothy 3:3
[45] 1 Samuel 2:24
[46] 2 Samuel 13:12–13; Proverbs 5:8–9; 6:33