Of the Baptist Catechism
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Question What is the reason annexed to the third commandment?
Answer The reason annexed to the third commandment is, that however the breakers of this commandment may escape punishment from men, yet the Lord our God will not suffer them to escape his righteous judgment.

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Do the breakers of this commandment often escape punishment from men?

Men hear cursing, and bewray it not,
Proverbs 29:24

And are they therefore secure?

Because sentence is not speedily executed, therefore their hearts is fully set in them to do evil,
Ecclesiastes 8:11

But do those who connive at this sin thereby become partners in it?

If a soul hear the voice of swearing and do not utter it, he shall bear his iniquity,
Leviticus 5:1

Do such hope to escape the judgments of God?

They belch out with their mouths, and say who doth hear,
Psalm 59:7

But shall they escape them?

Surely my oath which he hath despised, I will recompense upon his head,
Ezekiel 17:19

Shall hypocrites be punished?

Woe unto you hypocrites,
Matthew 23:13

And mockers?

Behold ye despisers, wonder and perish,
Acts 13:41

And covenant breakers?

Surely in the place where the king dwelleth, who made him king, and whose covenant he brake, he shall die,
Ezekiel 17:16

And those who use God’s name in a vain manner?

For every idle word that men speak they must give an account,
Matthew 12:36

Shall such be punished in this world?

The Lord will make their plagues wonderful,
Deuteronomy 28:59

And in the world to come?

They treasure up wrath against the day of wrath,
Romans 2:5

From A Scriptural Exposition of the Baptist Catechism

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Question What reasons are annexed to the third commandment?
Answer The reasons annexed to the third commandment, in these words, The Lord thy God, and, For the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain, 1 are, because he is the Lord and our God, therefore his name is not to be profaned, or any way abused by us; 2 especially because he will be so far from acquitting and sparing the transgressors of this commandment, as that he will not suffer them to escape his righteous judgment, 3 albeit many such escape the censures and punishments of men. 4
[1] Exodus 20:7
[2] Leviticus 19:12
[3] Ezekiel 36:21–23; Deuteronomy 28:58–59; Zechariah 5:2–4
[4] 1 Samuel 2:12, 17, 22, 24; 3:13