Of the Baptist Catechism
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Question What is adoption?
Answer Adoption is an act of God’s free grace, 1 whereby we are received into the number and have a right to all the privileges of the sons of God. 2
[1] 1 John 3:1
[2] John 1:12; Romans 8:14-17

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Are some the sons of God by creation?

All the sons of God shouted for joy,
Job 38:7

And others by an external profession?

Let my Son go that he may serve me,
Exodus 4:23

But are the saints so by adoption?

We receive the adoption of sons,
Galatians 4:5

Is Christ the medium of our adoption?

We are predestinated to the adoption of children by Jesus Christ,
Ephesians 1:5

And the exemplar of it?

God hath predestinated us to be conformed to the image of his Son,
Romans 8:29

And the end of it?

That he might be the first born among many brethren,
Romans 8:29

And is grace the motive of it?

It is according to the good pleasure of his will, to the praise of the glory of his grace,
Ephesians 1:5–6

Do the saints receive the nature of sons?

They are made partakers of a divine nature,
2 Peter 1:4

And the spirit of sons?

Because ye are sons God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts,
Galatians 4:6

And the provision of sons?

They will want no good thing,
Psalm 34:10

And the inheritance of sons?

Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son, and if a son then an heir of God, through Christ,
Galatians 4:7

Are God’s children the objects of his pity?

As a father pitieth his children, so the Lord pitieth them that fear him,
Psalm 103:13

And of his care?

I have nourished and brought up children,
Isaiah 1:2

Are they strongly defended?

His children shall have a place of refuge,
Proverbs 14:26

And honourably attended?

. He shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways,
Psalm 91:11

And if chastened, is it in love?

Whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth,
Hebrews 12:6

Should God’s children then go to him as a Father?

I will arise and go to my Father,
Luke 15:18

And reverence him as a Father?

If I be a Father, where is mine honour,
Malachi 1:6

And imitate him?

Be ye perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect,
Matthew 5:48

And obey him?

As obedient children,
1 Peter 1:14

And submit to his chastisement?

My son despise not thou the chastening of the Lord,
Hebrews 12:5

Have all the saints one Father?

Have we not all one Father?
Malachi 2:10

Should they therefore love as brethren?

Add to godliness brotherly kindness,
2 Peter 1:7

And is the neglect hereof a great sin?

Why do we deal treacherously every man against his brother?
Malachi 2:10

From A Scriptural Exposition of the Baptist Catechism

The Westminster Larger Catechism Copy a link to this section

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Question What is adoption?
Answer Adoption is an act of the free grace of God, 1 in and for his only Son Jesus Christ, 2 whereby all those that are justified are received into the number of his children, 3 have his name put upon them, 4 the Spirit of his Son given to them, 5 are under his fatherly care and dispensations, 6 admitted to all the liberties and privileges of the sons of God, made heirs of all the promises, and fellow heirs with Christ in glory. 7
[1] 1 John 3:1
[2] Ephesians 1:5; Galatians 4:4–5
[3] John 1:12
[4] 2 Corinthians 6:18; Revelation 3:12
[5] Galatians 4:6
[6] Psalm 103:13; Proverbs 14:26; Matthew 6:32
[7] Hebrews 6:12; Romans 8:17