|Question||What is effectual calling?|
|Answer||Effectual calling is the work of God’s Spirit,1 whereby convincing us of our sin and misery,2 enlightening our minds in the knowledge of Christ,3 and renewing our wills,4 he doth persuade and enable us to embrace Jesus Christ freely offered to us in the gospel.5|
The Baptist Catechism Set to Music
Benjamin Beddome’s Exposition
Is there an outward call given to all men?
Unto you, O men, I call,
Does God call by his works of creation?
For there is no speech nor language where their voice is not heard,
And by his works of providence?
The Lord’s voice crieth into the city,
And by his word?
He sent forth his servants to call them that were bidden,
And by the common motions of his Spirit?
My Spirit shall not always strive with man,
But is this call always effectual?
They would not come,
Are the special calls of the Spirit the fruits of electing love?
Whom he predestinated, them he also called,
Are they attended with the mighty power of God?
Our gospel came not unto you in word only, but also in power,
1 Thessalonians 1:5
And yet suitable to the nature of man?
I drew them with the cords of a man,
And are they always effectual?
They shall come,
Are all that are effectually called convinced of sin?
When the commandment came, sin revived,
Are they convinced of sin in the heart?
They shall know every man the plague of his own heart,
1 Kings 8:38
And of sin in the life?
Thou makest me to possess the iniquities of my youth,
Are they especially convinced of gross and leading sins?
Who was before a persecutor,
1 Timothy 1:13
Do they see sin in the glass of the law?
For by the law is the knowledge of sin,
And in the glass of the divine perfections?
Now mine eye seeth thee, I abhor myself,
And in the glass of Christ’s sufferings?
They shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and mourn,
Do they see sin to be exceeding sinful?
Know therefore and see that it is an evil thing,
And exceeding hateful?
I hate every false way,
And exceeding hurtful?
I find more bitter than death the woman whose heart is snares and nets,
And is such a conviction the fruit of the Spirit?
For when he is come he will reprove the world of sin,
Are all such convinced of their misery?
Woe is me, for I am undone,
And of the equity of God’s judgments?
O Lord, righteousness belongeth unto thee,
And of their helplessness in themselves?
We cannot stand before thee because of this,
Will such a conviction produce horror?
The jailer came trembling,
We lie down in our shame,
And humble silence?
He putteth his mouth in the dust,
And earnest inquiry?
Lord, what wilt thou have me to do?
Is such a conviction necessary?
For the whole need not a physician,
But is it all that is necessary?
For he has torn, and he will heal us,
Does the same Spirit then that has begun the work carry it on?
For he will perfect that which concerneth us,
Doth he enlighten our minds?
He shines into our hearts,
2 Corinthians 4:6
Doth he particularly enlighten them into the knowledge of Christ?
He gives the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ,
2 Corinthians 4:6
And of the things of Christ?
He shall take of mine and show it unto you,
Is that knowledge which the Spirit affords inward and experimental?
Wisdom entereth into the heart,
Is it attended with the greatest certainty?
We believe and are sure that thou art Christ the Son of the living God,
Is it an operative and effectual knowledge?
It bringeth forth fruit,
Is it an abiding knowledge?
The anointing which you have received of him abideth in you,
1 John 2:27
Should it therefore be earnestly coveted and sought after?
I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus our Lord,
Is this illumination of the understanding attended with a determination of the will?
He shall make ready a people prepared for the Lord,
Is the perverse will rendered pliable?
I will take the stony heart out of their flesh, and will give them an heart of flesh,
And the rebellious will obedient?
Every thought is brought into captivity to the obedience of Christ,
2 Corinthians 10:5
And is this also the work of God?
it is he that worketh in us to will,
Doth the soul thus awakened and enlightened venture itself upon Christ?
Every man that hath heard and learned of the Father, cometh unto me,
And that immediately?
Christ said follow me; and he rose and followed him,
Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him,
Is Christ proposed in the word as an able Saviour?
He is able to save to the uttermost, all that come unto God through him,
And as a willing Saviour?
This man receiveth sinners,
And do the actions of faith in the soul answer to the discoveries made of Christ in the word?
So we preach, and so ye believed,
1 Corinthians 15:11
Is the whole work of grace in conversion represented by a call?
Called to be saints,
1 Corinthians 1:2
Is this a secret call?
The kingdom of God cometh not with observation,
And a mysterious one?
For we know not what is the way of the Spirit,
And a personal one?
I have called thee by thy name,
And a free and gracious one?
Of his own will begat he us,
Should God therefore have the glory of it?
Not unto us, not unto us, but unto thy name, give glory, for thy mercy, and for thy truth’s sake,
The Westminster Larger Catechism
|Question||What is effectual calling?|
|Answer||Effectual calling is the work of God's almighty power and grace,1 whereby (out of his free and special love to his elect, and from nothing in them moving him thereunto2 ) he doth, in his accepted time, invite and draw them to Jesus Christ, by his word and Spirit;3 savingly enlightening their minds,4 renewing and powerfully determining their wills,5 so as they (although in themselves dead in sin) are hereby made willing and able freely to answer his call, and to accept and embrace the grace offered and conveyed therein.6|
|Question||Are the elect only effectually called?|
|Answer||All the elect, and they only, are effectually called;1 although others may be, and often are, outwardly called by the ministry of the word,2 and have some common operations of the Spirit;3 who, for their wilful neglect and contempt of the grace offered to them, being justly left in their unbelief, do never truly come to Jesus Christ.4|