Of the Baptist Catechism
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Question What is effectual calling?
Answer Effectual calling is the work of God’s Spirit, 1 whereby convincing us of our sin and misery, 2 enlightening our minds in the knowledge of Christ, 3 and renewing our wills, 4 he doth persuade and enable us to embrace Jesus Christ freely offered to us in the gospel. 5
[1] 2 Timothy 1:9; 2 Thessalonians 2:13–14
[2] Acts 2:37
[3] Acts 26:18
[4] Ezekiel 36:26-27
[5] John 6:44-45; Philippians 2:13

The Baptist Catechism Set to Music Copy a link to this section

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Benjamin Beddome’s Exposition Copy a link to this section

Is there an outward call given to all men?

Unto you, O men, I call,
Proverbs 8:4

Does God call by his works of creation?

For there is no speech nor language where their voice is not heard,
Psalm 19:3

And by his works of providence?

The Lord’s voice crieth into the city,
Micah 6:9

And by his word?

He sent forth his servants to call them that were bidden,
Matthew 22:3

And by the common motions of his Spirit?

My Spirit shall not always strive with man,
Genesis 6:3

But is this call always effectual?

They would not come,
Matthew 22:3

Are the special calls of the Spirit the fruits of electing love?

Whom he predestinated, them he also called,
Romans 8:30

Are they attended with the mighty power of God?

Our gospel came not unto you in word only, but also in power,
1 Thessalonians 1:5

And yet suitable to the nature of man?

I drew them with the cords of a man,
Hosea 11:4

And are they always effectual?

They shall come,
John 6:27

Are all that are effectually called convinced of sin?

When the commandment came, sin revived,
Romans 7:9

Are they convinced of sin in the heart?

They shall know every man the plague of his own heart,
1 Kings 8:38

And of sin in the life?

Thou makest me to possess the iniquities of my youth,
Job 13:26

Are they especially convinced of gross and leading sins?

Who was before a persecutor,
1 Timothy 1:13

Do they see sin in the glass of the law?

For by the law is the knowledge of sin,
Romans 3:20

And in the glass of the divine perfections?

Now mine eye seeth thee, I abhor myself,
Job 42:5

And in the glass of Christ’s sufferings?

They shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and mourn,
Zechariah 12:10

Do they see sin to be exceeding sinful?

Know therefore and see that it is an evil thing,
Jeremiah 2:19

And exceeding hateful?

I hate every false way,
Psalm 119:104

And exceeding hurtful?

I find more bitter than death the woman whose heart is snares and nets,
Ecclesiastes 7:26

And is such a conviction the fruit of the Spirit?

For when he is come he will reprove the world of sin,
John 16:8

Are all such convinced of their misery?

Woe is me, for I am undone,
Isaiah 6:5

And of the equity of God’s judgments?

O Lord, righteousness belongeth unto thee,
Daniel 9:7

And of their helplessness in themselves?

We cannot stand before thee because of this,
Ezra 9:15

Will such a conviction produce horror?

The jailer came trembling,
Acts 16:29

And shame?

We lie down in our shame,
Jeremiah 3:25

And humble silence?

He putteth his mouth in the dust,
Lamentations 3:29

And earnest inquiry?

Lord, what wilt thou have me to do?
Acts 9:6

Is such a conviction necessary?

For the whole need not a physician,
Matthew 9:12

But is it all that is necessary?

For he has torn, and he will heal us,
Hosea 6:1

Does the same Spirit then that has begun the work carry it on?

For he will perfect that which concerneth us,
Psalm 138:8

Doth he enlighten our minds?

He shines into our hearts,
2 Corinthians 4:6

Doth he particularly enlighten them into the knowledge of Christ?

He gives the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ,
2 Corinthians 4:6

And of the things of Christ?

He shall take of mine and show it unto you,
John 16:15

Is that knowledge which the Spirit affords inward and experimental?

Wisdom entereth into the heart,
Proverbs 2:10

Is it attended with the greatest certainty?

We believe and are sure that thou art Christ the Son of the living God,
John 6:69

Is it an operative and effectual knowledge?

It bringeth forth fruit,
Colossians 1:6

Is it an abiding knowledge?

The anointing which you have received of him abideth in you,
1 John 2:27

Should it therefore be earnestly coveted and sought after?

I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus our Lord,
Philippians 3:8

Is this illumination of the understanding attended with a determination of the will?

He shall make ready a people prepared for the Lord,
Luke 1:17

Is the perverse will rendered pliable?

I will take the stony heart out of their flesh, and will give them an heart of flesh,
Ezekiel 11:19

And the rebellious will obedient?

Every thought is brought into captivity to the obedience of Christ,
2 Corinthians 10:5

And is this also the work of God?

it is he that worketh in us to will,
Philippians 2:13

Doth the soul thus awakened and enlightened venture itself upon Christ?

Every man that hath heard and learned of the Father, cometh unto me,
John 6:45

And that immediately?

Christ said follow me; and he rose and followed him,
Matthew 9:9

And resolutely?

Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him,
Job 13:15

Is Christ proposed in the word as an able Saviour?

He is able to save to the uttermost, all that come unto God through him,
Hebrews 7:25

And as a willing Saviour?

This man receiveth sinners,
Luke 15:2

And do the actions of faith in the soul answer to the discoveries made of Christ in the word?

So we preach, and so ye believed,
1 Corinthians 15:11

Is the whole work of grace in conversion represented by a call?

Called to be saints,
1 Corinthians 1:2

Is this a secret call?

The kingdom of God cometh not with observation,
Luke 17:20

And a mysterious one?

For we know not what is the way of the Spirit,
Ecclesiastes 11:5

And a personal one?

I have called thee by thy name,
Isaiah 43:1

And a free and gracious one?

Of his own will begat he us,
James 1:18

Should God therefore have the glory of it?

Not unto us, not unto us, but unto thy name, give glory, for thy mercy, and for thy truth’s sake,
Psalm 115:1

From A Scriptural Exposition of the Baptist Catechism

The Westminster Larger Catechism Copy a link to this section

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Question What is effectual calling?
Answer Effectual calling is the work of God's almighty power and grace, 1 whereby (out of his free and special love to his elect, and from nothing in them moving him thereunto 2 ) he doth, in his accepted time, invite and draw them to Jesus Christ, by his word and Spirit; 3 savingly enlightening their minds, 4 renewing and powerfully determining their wills, 5 so as they (although in themselves dead in sin) are hereby made willing and able freely to answer his call, and to accept and embrace the grace offered and conveyed therein. 6
[1] John 5:25; Ephesians 1:18–20; 2 Timothy 1:8–9
[2] Titus 3:4–5; Ephesians 2:4–5, 7–9; Romans 9:11
[3] 2 Corinthians 5:20; ch. 6; 2 Thessalonians 2:13–14
[4] Acts 26:18; 1 Corinthians 2:10, 12
[5] Ezekiel 11:19; 36:26–27; John 6:45
[6] Ephesians 2:5; Philippians 2:13; Deuteronomy 30:6

#68 Copy this
Question Are the elect only effectually called?
Answer All the elect, and they only, are effectually called; 1 although others may be, and often are, outwardly called by the ministry of the word, 2 and have some common operations of the Spirit; 3 who, for their wilful neglect and contempt of the grace offered to them, being justly left in their unbelief, do never truly come to Jesus Christ. 4
[1] Acts 13:48
[2] Matthew 22:14
[3] Matthew 7:22; Hebrews 6:4–6
[4] John 12:38–40; Acts 28:25–27; John 6:64–65; Psalm 81:11–12