Of the Baptist Catechism
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Question Wherein consists the sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell?
Answer The sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell, consists in the guilt of Adam’s first sin, the want of original righteousness, and the corruption of his whole nature, which is commonly called original sin; together with all actual transgressions which proceed from it. 1
[1] Romans 5:12; Ephesians 2:1–3; James 1:14–15; Matthew 15:19

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Hath Adam’s sin brought all mankind into a state of guilt?

By one man’s disobedience many were made sinners,
Romans 5:19

Doth this appear in the case of those who never committed actual sin?

For death reigned from Adam unto Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam’s transgression,
Romans 5:14

Is it usual for God thus to impute the sins of the fathers to the children?

He visiteth the iniquity of the fathers upon the children,
Exodus 20:5

And is he just in so doing?

There is no unrighteousness in him,
John 7:13

Hath sin deprived us of our original righteousness?

We are far from righteousness,
Isaiah 46:2

Are there no remains of it?

In me, that is in my flesh, dwelleth no good thing,
Romans 7:18

Are we thereby incapacitated for duty?

How to perform that which is good I find not,
Romans 7:18

And estranged from it?

They are all estranged from me,
Ezekiel 14:5

Is the nature of man defiled by the fall?

We are all as an unclean thing,
Isaiah 64:6

Doth this defilement extend to both the inward and the outward man?

It is a filthiness both to flesh and spirit,
2 Corinthians 7:1

Doth it extend to all the faculties of the inward man?

Their mind and conscience is defiled,
Titus 1:15

And to all the members of the outward man?

For we yield our members as servants to uncleanness and to iniquity,
Romans 6:19

Do we now commit sin naturally?

We drink iniquity like water,
Job 15:16

And delight in it?

It is sweet in the mouth,
Job 20:12

Is this the case of little children?

For foolishness is bound up in the heart of a child,
Proverbs 22:15

And of all mankind?

For the whole world lieth in wickedness,
1 John 5:19

Is corrupt nature contrary to the being and perfections of God?

The carnal mind is enmity against God,
Romans 8:7

And to the law of God?

It is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be,
Romans 8:7

And to the grace of God?

For the flesh lusteth against the spirit, and the spirit against the flesh, and these are contrary the one to the other,
Galatians 5:17

And are the worst men’s actions a copy of the best men’s hearts?

For as in water face answereth to face, so the heart of man to man,
Proverbs 27:19

From A Scriptural Exposition of the Baptist Catechism

The Westminster Larger Catechism Copy a link to this section

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Question Wherein consists the sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell?
Answer The sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell, consisteth in the guilt of Adam's first sin, 1 the want of that righteousness wherein he was created, and the corruption of his nature, whereby he is utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite unto all that is spiritually good, and wholly inclined to all evil, and that continually; 2 which is commonly called Original Sin, and from which do proceed all actual transgressions. 3
[1] Romans 5:12, 19
[2] Romans 3:10–19; Ephesians 2:1–3; Romans 5:6; 8:7–8; Genesis 6:5
[3] James 1:14–15; Matthew 15:19